Sundarbans, West Bengal
This famous park has a huge number of Bengal tigers - more than two hundred by some counts! The swampy terrain, though, means seeing one of them is extremely rare, but you'll have great fun trying. Just getting here is an adventure (from Kolkatta: bus, boat, cycle rickshaw and boat again) and once you arrive, you'll be signing up for safaris not in jeeps, but in canoes.
Sunderbans is a national park, tiger reserve, and a biosphere reserve in west bengal, India. It is part of the Sundarbans on the ganges delta, and adjacent to the Sundarbans Reserve Forest in Bangladesh. The deltais densely covered by mangrove forests, and is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger. It is also home to a variety of bird, reptile and invertebrate species, including the salt-water crocodile. The present Sundarbans National Park was declared as the core area of Sundarbans Tiger Reserve in 1973 and a wildlife sanctuary in 1977. On 4 May 1984 it was declared a National Park.
Sundarbans National Park is located in between 21° 32' - 21° 55' N latitude and between 88° 42' - 89° 04' E longitude. The average altitude of the park is 7.5 m above sea level. The park is made up of 54 small islands and is crisscrossed by several tributaries of the Ganges.
The average minimum and maximum temperature is 20 °C and 48 °C respectively. Rainfall is heavy with humidity as high as 80% as it is close to the Bay of Bengal. The monsoon lasts from mid-June to mid-September. Prevailing wind is from the north and north-east from October to mid-March and south west westerlies prevails from mid-March to September. Storms which sometimes develop into cyclones are common during the months of May and October.
You have to rely on boats for visiting the various tourist spots of the Sunderbans. You can also hire your own boat but the charges are pretty steep (Rs. 1500-2000 per day). However, in case you wish to move around on your own, make sure to hire a guide or else the boatsmen may take you for a ride (the waterways of the Sunderbans are so similar to one another that even if your boat makes round of the same place, you won't be able to tell the difference without the services of an experienced guide). Tiger Reserve (West Bengal, India) is the place from where you can hire a guide.
Location- South 24 parganas, west Bengal, India.
Nearest City- Kolkata.
Best time to visit- December to Feb.
Activities to do- wildlife safari, boating, bird watching.
How to reach?-
1) By Air- Sundarban National Park is located 140 km far from Kolkata Airport(Also known as Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Airport and Dum Dum Airport)
2) By Rail- The nearest Railway station of Sundarban National Park is Canning Railway station which is located 29 km far from the Gate way of Sundarban (i.e. Godhkhali)
3) By Road- Sundarban National Park is well connected with kolkata - Basanti High way.
BY AIR-kolkata airport is the nearest one.140 km from sundarbans. BY RAIL-Canning is the nearest railway station,29 km from Sundarbans.BY ROAD-well connected with the Kolkata-Basanti highway.